British Rulers
From Wessex to Windsor
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Compiled by Michael J. Cummings


BOLDFACED CAPITALS IN RED: Title Character of a Shakespeare Play

House of Wessex

Egbert (802-39)
Aethelwulf (839-55)
Aethelbald (855-60)
Aethelbert (860-6)
Aethelred (866-71)
Alfred the Great (871-99)
Edward the Elder (899-925)
Athelstan (925-40)
Edmund the Magnificent (940-6)
Eadred (946-55)
Eadwig (Edwy) All-Fair (955-59)
Edgar the Peaceable (959-75)
Edward the Martyr (975-78)
Aethelred the Unready (978-1016)
Edmund Ironside (1016)

Danish Line

Svein Forkbeard (1014)
Canute the Great (1016-35)
Harald Harefoot (1035-40)
Hardicanute (1040-42) 

House of Wessex, Restored

Edward the Confessor (1042-66)
Harold II (1066)

House of Normandy

William I ("the Conqueror"), 1066-1087. Age at death: 60. 
William II (son of William I), 1087-1100. Age at death: 43. 
Henry I (son of William I), 1100-1135. Age at death: 67. 
House of Blois

Stephen Beauclerc, (son of William I's daughter  and Count of Blois), 1135-1154. Age at death: 50. 
House of Plantagenet

Henry II (son of Henry I's daughter and Geoffrey Plantagenet) 1154-1189. Age at death: 56. 
Richard I ("the Lion-Hearted," son of Henry II), 1189-1199. Age at death: 42. 
JOHN (son of Henry II), 1199-1216. Age at death: 50. 
Henry III (son of John), 1216-1272. Age at death: 65. 
Edward I ("Longshanks," son of Henry III), 1272-1307. Age at death: 68. 
Edward II (son of Edward I, deposed), 1307-1327. Age at death: 43. 
EDWARD III (son of Edward II), 1327-1377. Age at death: 65. 
RICHARD II (grandson of Edward III), 1377-1399. Forced to abdicate and died a year later, in 1400, a victim of starvation or murder. Age at death: 33. 

House of Lancaster

HENRY IV ("Bolingbroke," son of the Duke of Lancaster), 1399-1413. Age at death: 47. 
HENRY V (son of Henry IV), 1413-1422. Age at death: 34. 
HENRY VI (son of Henry V, deposed), 1422-1461; 1470-1471. Age at death: 49. 
House of York

Edward IV (son of duke of York), 1461-1470, 1471-1483. Age at death: 41. 
Edward V (son of Edward IV), 1483. Age at death: 13. 
RICHARD III ("Crookback," brother of Edward IV) 1483-1485. Age at death: 32 (41 days before his 33rd birthday). 

House of Tudor

Henry VII (whose grandfather married Henry V's widow), 1485-1509. Age at death: 53. 
HENRY VIII (son of Henry VII), 1509-1547. Age at death: 56. 
Edward VI (son of Henry VIII), 1547-1553. Age at death: 16. 
Lady Jane Grey (1553)
Mary I (daughter of Henry VIII), 1553-1558. Age at death: 43. 
Elizabeth I (daughter of Henry VIII), 1558-1603. Age at death: 69.

Great Britain: England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland

House of Stuart

James I (son of Mary, Queen of Scots), 1603-1625. Age at death: 59. 
Charles I (1625-49) 

The Republican Commonwealth (1649-1660)

Oliver Cromwell (1649-58), Lord Protector
Richard Cromwell (September 1658 to May 1659), Lord Protector

Monarchy Restored

House of Stuart, Restored

Charles II (1660-85)
James II (1685-88)

House of Orange and Stuart

William III, Mary II (1689-1702)

House of Stuart

Anne (1702-14)

House of Brunswick, Hanover Line

George I (1714-27)
George II (1727-60)
George III (1760-1820)
George IV (1820-30)
William IV (1830-37)
Victoria (1837-1901)

House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Edward VII (1901-10)

House of Windsor

George V reigned as ruler of Great Britain from 1910 to 1920, then as ruler of the United Kingdom (See below)

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

House of Windsor (Continued)

George V, reigning as ruler of Great Britain from 1910 to 1920, continued his monarchy as ruler of the United Kingdom, which absorbed the northern part of Ireland as a new nation called Northern Ireland. The rest of Ireland became the independent Irish Free State by the 1921 Anglo-Irish treaty. The Irish Free State later became the Republic of Ireland.

Edward VIII (1936)
George VI (1936-52)
Elizabeth II (1952-present) 

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