And Other Old or Unfamiliar Words and Phrases That Occur in Shakespeare
U to Z
See More Shakespeare Study Guides
unanel'd or unaneled (verb, un uh NEELD): Dying without receiving the sacrament of extreme unction. In the Roman Catholic Church, this sacrament consisted of a priest's anointing of a gravely ill person while saying a prayer asking the Lord to pardon the sins of the sick person. Example: In Hamlet, the ghost of the old king says that when he was murdered he was "Cut off even in the blossoms of my sin, / Unhousel'd, disappointed, unanel'd (1.5.84-85).
unbarbed (adjective): Unshaven or untrimmed. Example: "Must I go show them my unbarbed sconce [head]?" (Coriolanus, 3.2.124).
unbated (adjective): Without being blunted, as a fencing sword without a protective guard on the tip; having to do with anything that is not softened or repressed, as an unbated remark. Example: "You may choose / A sword unbated" (Hamlet, 4.7.150-151).
unbodied (adjective): Without substance; consisting of an image in the mind. Example: "That unbodied figure of the thought" (Troilus and Cressida, 1.3.18).
unbolted (adjective): Unrefined, as is flour that has not been sifted; coarse; vulgar; crude. Example: "I will tread this unbolted villain into mortar and daub the walls of a jakes with him (King Lear, 2.2.38).
unbreathed (adjective): Undisclosed; secret. Example: "[They] have toil'd their unbreath'd memories" (A Midsummer Night's Dream, 5.1.79).
uncape (verb): Remove the hood of a hunting bird, such as a falcon or a hawk, so that it may pursue and attack a quarry. Example: "We'll unkennel the fox. . . . So now, uncape" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 3.3.66).
unclew: Undo; ruin; unsettle. Example: In Timon of Athens, the title character says he has received so many compliments that he would go bankrupt if he had to pay for them. Here is the passage.
A more satiety of commendations.uncoined (adjective): Genuine; sincere; untainted by ulterior motives. Example, "Dear Kate, take a fellow of plain and uncoined constancy" (Henry V, 5.2.118).
If I should pay you for't as 'tis extoll'd,
It would unclew me quite. (1.1.197-199)
uncurrent (adjective: Not acceptable as payment--that is, not a currency. Example:
I can no other answer make but thanks,underskinker (noun): Bartender's assistant. Example: "I give thee this pennyworth of sugar, clapped even now into my hand by an underskinker" (Henry IV Part I, 2.4.5).
And thanks, and over thanks; for oft good turns
Are shuffled off with such uncurrent pay. (Twelfth Night, 3.3.17-19)
under-wrought (verb): Undermined; worked against. Example: "Thou has under-wrought [England's] lawful king" (King John, 2.1.99).
uneath (adverb, un EETH): With difficulty; not easily. Example: "Uneath may she endure the flinty streets" (Henry VI Part II, 2.4.11).
unfeigned (adjective, un FANED): Genuine; true; not pretended; not imagined. Example: "His unfeigned friend" (Henry VI Part III, 3.3.208).
ungenitured (adjective): Sexually impotent. Example: "This ungenitured agent will unpeople the province with continency" (Measure for Measure, 3.2.81).
unhatched (adjective): Not yet used in a fight. Example: "He is knight, dubbed with unhatched rapier [type of sword]" (Twelfth Night, 3.4.128).
unhousel'd or unhouseled (verb): Without receiving the Holy Eucharist. (Housel refers to the administration of the Eucharist by a priest or to the Eucharist itself.) In Hamlet, the ghost of the old king tells of his murder, when he was "Cut off even in the blossoms of my sin, / Unhousel'd, disappointed, unanel'd (1.5.84-85).
unlineal (adjective): Not in line to become king or queen. Example:
Upon my head they plac’d a fruitless crown,unmanned (adjective): Not trained for hunting. The term is used in hawking and falconry. "Hood my unmann'd blood . . . / With thy black mantle" (Romeo and Juliet, 3.2.16-17).
And put a barren sceptre in my gripe,
Thence to be wrench’d with an unlineal hand,
No son of mine succeeding. (Macbeth, 3.1.67-70)
unmuzzle (verb): Reveal. Example: "Now unmuzzle your wisdom" (As You Like It, 1.2.25).
unparagoned (adjective). Without equal. Example: "Unparagoned mistress" (Cymbeline, 1.4.27).
unpossessing (adjective): Without an inheritance; without possessions. Example:
With curst speechunprizable or unprizeable (adjective): Beyond measure; invaluable. Example: "A bawbling vessel was he captain of . . . [with] bulk unprizeable" (Cymbeline, 1.4.31).
I threatened to discover him: he replied,
"Thou unpossessing bastard!" (King Lear, 68-70)
unproperly (adverb): Improperly. Example: "I kneel before thee; and unproperly / Show duty" (Coriolanus, 5.3.62-63).
unseminared or unseminar'd: (adjective, un SEM ih naird): Castrated; emasculated; having no testicles. In Antony and Cleopatra, Cleopatra refers to a eunuch as "being unseminar'd" (1.5.17).
unsifted (adjective): Inexperienced; untried. Example: "You speak like a green girl, / Unsifted in such perilous circumstance" (Hamlet, 1.3.109-110).
unsinewed or unsinew'd: (adjective): Weak; lacking muscle. Example:
Two special reasonsunsisting (adjective): Unresisting. Example: "That spirit's possess'd with haste / That wounds the unsisting postern with these strokes" (Measure for Measure, 4.2.63-64).
Which to you, perhaps, seem much unsinew'd
. . . to me . . . are strong. (Hamlet, 4.7.13-15)
unstanched or unstaunched (adjective): Unsatisfied; unstoppable; insatiable. Example: "Stifle the villain whose unstanched thirst / York and young Rutland could not satisfy" (Henry VI Part III, 2.6.86-87).
untempering (adjective): Softening. Example: "The poor and untempering effect of my visage" (Henry V, 5.2.130).
unthrift (noun): Spendthrift. Example: "Look what an unthrift in the world doth spend" (Sonnet 9, line 9).
upspring reel: Lively dance. Example: "The swagg'ring upspring reels" (Hamlet, 1.4.12).
usance (noun): Usury, the practice of lending money at interest. In medieval times, this practice was considered sinful. Example: "He lends out money [without charging interest] and brings down / The rate of usance here with us in Venice" (The Merchant of Venice, 1.3.23-24).
untemper (verb): Soften. Example. "I love thee, Kate: by which honour I dare not swear thou lovest me; yet my blood begins to flatter me that thou dost, notwithstanding the poor and untempering effect of my visage" (Henry V, 5.2.130).
untented: (adjective): Out in the open instead of in a tent; excessively harsh and candid. Example: "Th' untented woundings of a father's curse" (King Lear, 1.4.218).
utis (noun): Utas, the eighth day after the celebration of a saint's feast. Example: "By the mass, here will be old utis: it will be an excellent stratagem" (Henry IV Part II, 2.4.7).
vade (adjective and verb): Fade; dwindle. Example: "Sweet rose, fair flower, untimely pluck'd, soon vaded" (The Passionate Pilgrim, stanza 10, line 1). The Passionate Pilgrim appeared in a collection of poems by Shakespeare and other authors. There is a possibility that Shakespeare did not write this line.
vail (verb): (1) Lower; allow to sink; (2) tip the hat in respect. Example:
But I should think of shallows and of flats,vantbrace (noun): Armor protecting the arm. Also called vambrace. Example: "In my vantbrace [I will] put this wither'd brawn (Troilus and Cressida, 1.3.304).
And see my wealthy Andrew dock’d in sand
Vailing her high-top lower than her ribs
To kiss her burial. (The Merchant of Venice, 1.1.29-32)
varlet (noun): Rogue, scoundrel, knave. Example: "What a brazen-faced varlet art thou, to deny thou knowest me! (King Lear, 2.2.16).
vastidity (noun): Vastness. Example: "All the world's vastidity" (Measure for Measure, 3.1.74).
vault (1) (noun): Arched covering such as the sky or a roof. Example: "The grey vault of heaven" (Henry IV Part II, 2.3.21).
vault (2) (noun): Tomb; burial chamber. Example: "Thou shalt be borne to that same ancient vault / Where all the kindred of the Capulets do lie" (Romeo and Juliet, 4.1.115).
vault (3) (noun): Safe and secure room; walled enclosure. Example: "To seek sweet safety out / In vaults and prisons" (King John, 5.2.147-148).
vault (4) (verb): Jump; overcome. Example: "He is vaulting variable ramps" (Cymbeline, 1.6.157).
vaultage (noun): Arched cellar; any place with an arched roof or covering. Example: "Caves and . . . vaultages of France" (Henry V, 2.4.133).
vaulty (adjective): High; having to do with the sky. Example: "The vaulty heaven so high above our heads" (Romeo and Juliet, 3.5.24).
vaunt-courier (noun): Forerunner. Example: "You sulphurous . . . fires / Vaunt-couriers to oak-cleaving thunderbolts" (King Lear, 3.2.6-7).
vaward (noun): Vanguard. Example: "And since we have the vaward of the day, / My love shall hear the music of my hounds" (A Midsummer Night's Dream, 4.1.92). Vaward hear means the vanguard of the day: dawn, early morning.
vegetives (noun): Plant remedies; herbs. Example: "The blest influsions / That dwell in vegetives" (Pericles, Prince of Tyre, 3.2.43-44).
velure (noun): Velvet or a fabric resembling velvet. Example: "A woman's crupper of velure" (The Taming of the Shrew, 3.2.43).
vendible (adjective): Able to attract a buyer; salable. "[Get rid of it] while 'tis vendible" (All's Well That Ends Well, 1.1.83).
venew: See the next entry (veney).
veney (noun): Fencing contest. Example: "I bruised my shin th' other day with playing at sword and dagger with a master of fence; three veneys for a dish of stewed prunes" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 1.1.136).
verge 1 (noun): Circle or circular object. Example that refers to a royal crown:
I would to God that the inclusive vergeverge 2 (noun): Staff, wand, or rod as a symbol of royal authority. (See next entry.)
Of golden metal that must round my brow
Were red-hot steel, to sear me to the brain! (Richard III, 18.104.22.168)
verger (noun): One who carries a staff, wand, or rod in a royal procession as a symbol of authority. Example: "Enter two vergers, with short silver wands" (stage directions, Henry VIII, 2.4.3).
verily (adverb): Truly; in truth; indeed; really. Example: "Verily, / I swear, 'tis better to be lowly born" (Henry VIII, 2.3.24-25).
vesture (noun): Clothing, apparel. Example: "Kind souls, . . . weep you when you but behold / Our Caesar's vesture wounded?" (Julius Caesar, 3.2.174-175).
ventage (noun): One of the holes in a flute. Example: "Govern these ventages with your fingers and thumbs, give it breath with your mouth, and it will discourse most eloquent music" (Hamlet, 3.2.262).
ver (noun): Latin for spring (season). Example: "This side is Hiems, Winter; this Ver, the Spring" (Love's Labour's Lost, 5.2.874).
vesper (noun): Night or evening. Example:
Sometimes we see a cloud that's dragonish;viewless (adjective): Not visible. Example: "To be imprison'd in the viewless winds" (Measure for Measure, 3.1.137).
A vapour sometime like a bear or lion,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[These images] are black vesper's pageant. (Antony and Cleopatra, 4.14.5-6 and 11)
via (interjection): Let's go; come on; get going. Example: "Why, Via! To London we will march" (Henry VI Part III, 2.1.186).
viands (noun): Food. Example: "Our viands had been poison’d" (Cymbeline, 5.5.187).
victuals (noun, pronuncation: VIT lz): "I am one that am nourished by my victuals, and would fain have meat. (The Two Gentlemen of Verona, 2.1.122).
videlicet (adverb, VE day LE chet): Namely; that is; in other words. Example: "The poor world is almost six thousand years old, and in all this time there was not any man died in his own person, vicelicet, in a love cause" (As You Like It, 4.1.40).
villany (noun): Villainy. Example: "Shall I endure this monstrous villany?" (Titus Andronicus, 4.4.52).
vinewedst or vinnewed or vinewed (adjective): Moldy; musty; out of date. Example: "Speak, then, thou vinewedst leaven, speak: I will beat thee into handsomeness" (Troilus and Cressida, 2.1.12).
virginalling (verb): Playing a virginal, a type of harpsichord. Example: "Still virginalling / Upon his palm" (The Winter's Tale, 1.2.153-154).
vizament: Advice; advisement. Example: "Take your vizaments in that" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 1.1.18).
vizard (noun): Mask. Example: In Love's Labour's Lost, King Ferdinand, Berowne, Longaville, and Dumaine disguise themselves as Russians to play a trick on the ladies they are wooing. When Katharine addresses Longaville, who has been silent while others converse, she says, "What, was your vizard made without a tongue?" (5.2.262).
votary (noun): Devout follower of a cult or religion. Line 5 of Sonnet 154 refers to votaries as followers of the Diana, the goddess of the moon, the hunt, and chastity in Roman mythology.
vouchsafe (verb): Grant, bestow. Example: "Good my lord, vouchsafe me a word with you" (Hamlet, 3.2.227).
waftage (noun): Being conveyed on a ship or boat. Example: "A ship you sent me to, to hire waftage" (The Comedy of Errors, 4.1.100).
wafture (noun): Wave. Example: "With an angry wafture of your hand, / [You] gave sign for me to leave you" (Julius Caesar, 2.1.266-267).
waggoner (noun): Wagon driver. Example: "I'll come and be thy waggoner, / And whirl along with thee about the globe" (Titus Andronicus, 5.2.51-52).
wailful (adjective): Sorrowful; lamentable. Example: "Tangle her desires / By wailful sonnets" (The Two Gentlemen of Verona, 3.2.71-72).
wainropes or wain ropes (noun): Ropes that are used to tie down cargo on a farm wagon or cart (wain). Example: "I think oxen and wainropes cannot hale them together" (Twelfth Night, 3.3.24).
wall-eyed (adjective): (1) Angry; enraged; fierce. (2) Glaring in a way that shows more of the whites of the eyes. Example:
This is the bloodiest shame,wall-newt (noun): Small lizard of the family lacertidae. Example: "Poor Tom, that eats . . . the wall-newt" (King Lear, 3.4.82).
The wildest savagery, the vilest stroke,
That ever wall-eyed wrath or staring rage
Presented to the tears of soft remorse. (King John, 4.3.52-55)
wanion or wannion (noun): Burst of violence. Example: "Come away, or I'll fetch thee with a wanion" (Pericles, Prince of Tyre, 2.1.19).
wanned or wann'd (adjective ): Made wan; appearing unusually pale. "His visage wann'd" (Hamlet, 2.2.386).
wappened or wappen'd (adjective): Old; decrepit. Example: "This [gold] makes the wappen'd widow wed again" (Timon of Athens, 4.3.40).
warrantise (noun): Authority; confidence. Example: "There is such strength and warrantise of skill, / That, in my mind, thy worst all best exceeds" (Sonnet 150, lines 7-8).
water-rug: Dog that that takes to the water. (See shough.)
water-galls (noun): Skin discolorations around the eye caused by crying. Example:
Round about her tear-distained [stained] eyewater-work (noun): Example: "For thy walls, a pretty slight drollery, or the story of the Prodigal, or the German hunting in water-work" (Henry IV Part II, 2.155).
Blue circles stream'd; like rainbows in the sky:
These water-galls in her dim element
Foretell new storms to those already spent. (The Rape of Lucrece, lines 1586-1589)
wealsman (noun): Statesman; politician. Example: "Meeting two such wealsmen as you are . . . if the drink you give me touch my palate adversely, I make a crooked face at it. (Coriolanus, 2.1.27).
the web and the pin (phrase used as a noun): Term used for clouding of the lens of the eye (cataract), a condition that impairs vision and can lead to blindness. Example: "This is the foul fiend . . . [who] gives the web and the pin" (King Lear, 3.4.76).
weeds (noun): Clothes, apparel. Example: "With a proud heart he wore / his humble weeds" (Coriolanus, 2.3.109-110) .
weet (verb): Know. Example:
I bind,welkin (noun): Heavenly vault; sky. Example: "No cloudy show of stormy blustering weather / Doth yet in his fair welkin once appear" (Rape of Lucrece, 115-116).
On pain of punishment, the world to weet
We stand up peerless. (Antony and Cleopatra, 1.1.44-47)
Welsh hook (noun): Medieval weapon resembling a poleax. It is also called a Welsh glaive. Example: "He swore the devil his true liegeman upon the cross of a Welsh hook". (Henry IV Part I, 2.4.135).
westward-ho!: (1) Cry of a Thames River boatman calling for passengers going from London to Westminster; (2) an expression used to indicate that one is traveling westward. Example: "Then westward-ho! / Grace and good disposition attend your ladyship! (Twelfth Night, 3.1.101).
wezand or wesand or weasand (noun): Throat; esophagus. Example: "Batter his skull . . . / Or cut his wezand with thy knife" (The Tempest, 3.2.60-61).
wheaten (adjective): Made of wheat or wheat flour. Example: "Peace should still her wheaten garland wear" (Hamlet, 5.2.46).
Wheeson (noun): Pentecost, the seventh Sunday after Easter; also called Whitsunday. Example: "Thou didst swear to me . . . upon Wednesday in Wheeson week" (Henry IV Part II, 2.1.39).
whelk (noun): Pustule; inflamed swelling; pimple. Example: "His face is all bubukles [red pimples], and whelks, and knobs" (Henry V, 3.6.48).
whence (adverb): From where; from what source; from what place. Example: "Retire with me to my lodging, from whence I will fitly bring you to hear my lord speak" (King Lear, 1.2.75).
wh'er or whe'r (adverb): Whether. "Look, wh'er he has not turn'd his colour" (Hamlet, 2.2.370).
wherefore (adverb): Why. Example: "I have of late—but wherefore I know not—lost all my mirth" (Hamlet. 2.2.250).
wheyface or whey-face (noun, WAY FACE): Pale-faced person. Example: "Those linen cheeks of thine / Are counsellors to fear. What soldiers, whey-face?" (Macbeth, 5.3.21-22).
whiffler (noun): One who cleared the way for a king or another prominent person. Example: "Like a mighty whiffler 'fore [before] the king" (Henry V, 5, Chorus, 13).
while-ere (adverb): A short time ago; recently. Example: "You taught me but while-ere?" (The Tempest, 3.2.86).
whiles (conjunctive adverb): While. Example: "Whiles a wedlock hymn we sing, / Feed yourself with questioning" (As You Like It, 5.4.89-90).
whipstock (noun): Handle of a whip. Example: "He appears / To have practised more the whipstock than the lance" (Pericles, Prince of Tyre, 2.2.54-55).
whist (verb): Become silent; quiet down. Example: "The wild waves whist" (The Tempest, 1.2.447).
whiting (adjective): Bleaching. Example: "Throw foul linen on him . . . it is whiting time" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 3.3.53).
whitster (noun, WHITE ster): One who bleaches or whitens Example: "Take this basket [of laundry] on your shoulders . . . and carry it among the the whitsters" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 3.3.10).
whittle (noun): Large knife. Example: "There's not a whittle in the unruly camp" (Timon of Athens, 5.1.176).
wight (noun): Person. Example: "I ken [know] the wight; he is of good substance" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 1.3.23).
willow garland (noun): Symbol of abandonment; symbol of being forsaken; a "weeping willow." Example: "He'll prove a widower shortly, / I'll wear the willow garland for his sake" (Henry VI Part III, 3.3.233-234).
whimple (noun): Head covering for women consisting of a cloth pulled tightly about the head and over the cheeks and chin. The adjective form is whimpled. Example: "This whimpled, whining, purblind, wayward boy" (Love's Labour's Lost, 3.1.123).
whoo-bub or whoobub (noun) Hubbub. Example: "The old man [came] in with a whoo-bub against his daughter" (The Winter's Tale, 4.4.680-681).
window-bars (noun): Crisscross pattern of a V-shaped panel (see images) worn over the breast and stomach. Example: "Those milkpaps [breasts] / . . . through the window-bars bore at men's eyes" (Timon of Athens, 4.3.124-125).
windring (adjective): Wandering; meandering. Example: "The windring brooks" (The Tempest, 4.1.137).
winter-ground (verb): Cover a plant in winter to protect it from the elements. Example: [I'll] winter-ground thy corse [corpse]" (Cymbeline, 4.2.292).
wis (verb): Suppose; imagine. Example: "I wis it is not half way to her heart" (The Taming of the Shrew, 1.1.65).
wistly (adverb): Attentively; watchfully; with melancholy; with yearning; wistfully; Example: "He wistly look'd on me" (Richard II, 5.4.10).
withal (adverb): In addition; notwithstanding; besides. Example: "I am doubtless I can purge / Myself of many [offenses} I am charged withal" (Henry IV Part I, 3.2.22-23).
wittol (noun, WIT l): Complacent cuckold; contented cuckold. A cuckold is a husband who does not object to his wife's unfaithfulness. Example: "Cuckold! Wittol! —cuckold! The devil himself hath not such a name. Page is an ass, a secure ass" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 2.2.94).
womby (adjective, WOOM e): Resembling a womb or a cave. Shakespeare uses the phrase "womby vaultages [hiding places resembling caves]" in Henry V (2.4.133).
wont (1) (adjective): Likely; inclined. Example: "Your Grace was wont to laugh" (As You Like It, 2.2.11).
wont (2) (verb): Be in the habit of; habitually go or travel. Example: "The English . . . / Wont through a secret gate of iron bars (Henry VI Part I, 1.4.11-12).
wonted (adjective): Accustomed; usual; ordinary. Example:
And for your part, Ophelia, I do wishwoodbine (noun): Climbing or creeping vine. Example: "So doth the woodbine the sweet honeysuckle / Gently entwist" (A Midsummer Night's Dream, 4.1.25-26).
That your good beauties be the happy cause
Of Hamlet's wildness: so shall I hope your virtues
Will bring him to his wonted way again. (Hamlet, 3.1.45-48)
woodcock (noun): Simpleton. Example: "As a woodcock to my own springe, Osric. I am justly kill'd with mine own treachery" (Hamlet, 5.2.245-246).
woolward (adjective): Wearing wool; with wool next to the skin. Example: "The naked truth of it is, I have no shirt; I go woolward for penance" (Love's Labour's Lost, 5.2.698). Interpretation: Without a proper shirt, the speaker wears a makeshift woolen garment. Or, he is going toward someone who wears wool—a priest with a woolen cassock.
wot (verb): Know. Example:
My good lord, I wot not by what power,—wrack (verb): Destroy; ruin. Example: "I fear'd he did but trifle / And meant to wrack thee" (Hamlet, 2.1.125-126).
But by some power it is,—my love to Hermia,
Melted as doth the snow. (A Midsummer Night's Dream, 4.1.150-153)
wrackful (adjective): Destructive; ruinous. Example: "The wrackful siege of battering days" (Sonnet 65, line 6).
writhled (adjective, RY thled): Wrinkled. Example: "It cannot be this weak and writhled shrimp / Should strike such terror to his enemies" (Henry VI Part I, 2.3.27-28).
wroth (noun): Anger; wrath. Example: "I'll keep my oath, / patiently to bear my wroth" (The Merchant of Venice, 2.9.71-72).
yare: (1) Adjective: ready and willing; (2) verb: respond immediately to the helm of a ship. Examples from Shakespeare: (1) "If you have occasion to use me for your own turn, you shall find me yare; for, truly, sir, for your kindness I owe you a good turn" (Measure for Measure, 4.2.25). (2) "Heigh, my hearts! cheerly, cheerly, my hearts! yare, yare! Take in the topsail" (The Tempest, 1.1.7).
yeoman (1) (noun): Hard worker; dependable worker. Example: "[This experience] did me yeoman's service" (Hamlet, 5.2.40).
yeoman (2) (noun): Commoner who farmed his own land. Example: "Prithee . . . tell me whether a madman be a gentleman or a yeoman" (King Lear, 3.6.6).
yeoman (3) (noun): Attendant or servant in a household. Example: "The lady of Strachy married the yeoman of the wardrobe" (Twelfth Night, 2.5.23).
yerk (verb): Sudden, quick thrust or strike (with a sword, whip, kick, etc.). Example: "I had thought to have yerk'd him here under the ribs" (Othello, 1.2.7).
yclad or y-clad (verb, E klad): Dressed; attired; clothed; clad. Example: "Her words y-clad with wisdom's majesty" (Henry VI Part II, 1.1.35).
ycleped or yclept (verb, E klept): Called; named; known as. Example: "Judas, I am, ycleped Maccabeus" (Love's Labour's Lost, 5.2.607). See also clept.
yellows (noun): Jaundice. Example: "His horse . . . rayed with the yellows" (The Taming of the Shrew, 3.2.43).
yesty (adjective): Frothy; full of activity. Example: "The yesty waves / Confound and swallow navigation up" (Macbeth, 4.1.58-59).
yond (adjective, adverb): Yonder. Example: ""See you yond coign o’ the Capitol, yond corner-stone?" (Coriolanus, 5.4.3)
younker (noun): Young man; young gentleman; lad. Example: "How well [the sun] resembled the prime of youth, / Trimm'd like a younker prancing to his love" (Henry VI Part III, 2.1.25-26).
zounds (interjection, ZOONZ): Expression of surprise, anger, amazement, disappointment. The word is a corruption of "by His wounds" (meaning the wounds of Christ). The word came about after people began pronouncing "by His wounds" quickly so that it sounded like a single word—zounds. If a person used this word today, he might say, "Zounds! The U.S. just landed three astronauts on Mars!" Or he might say, "Zounds! The Yankees lost today by 24 runs." Example: "Zounds, ye fat paunch, an ye call me coward, by the Lord, I'll stab thee." (Henry IV, Part I, 2.4.57).