And Other Old or Unfamiliar Words and Phrases That Occur in Shakespeare
I to L
ignomy (noun): Ignominy. Example: "I blush to think upon this ignomy" (Titus Andronicus, 4.2.120).
'ild: (verb): Pay, repay; reward; yield ('ild) a reward. Example: "God 'ild you" (Hamlet, 4.5.37).
illume (verb): Light up; illuminate. Example: "Yond same star that's westward from the pole / Had made his course to illume . . . part of heaven (Hamlet, 1.1.48-49).
imbar or imbare (verb): Bar in; confine; take. Example: "Imbar their crooked titles / Usurp'd from you and your progenitors" (Henry V, 1.2.99-100).
imbrue: (noun): Stain with blood; draw blood. Example: "What! shall we have incision? shall we imbrue?" (Henry IV Part II, 2.4.81)
immanity (noun): Inhumanity; savagery. Example:
I always thoughtimmoment (adjective): Trifling; unimportant. Example:
It was both impious and unnatural
That such immanity and bloody strife
Should reign among professors of one faith. (Henry VI Part I, 5.1.13-16)
I some lady trifles have reserved,imp (verb): Graft new feathers onto the wing of a hawk or falcon to enhance its flying capability or to repair damage; figuratively, repair, improve, strengthen, reinforce. Example: "Imp out our drooping country's broken wing" (Richard II, 2.1.298).
Immoment toys, things of such dignity
As we greet modern friends withal. (Antony and Cleopatra, 5.2.199-201)
impartment (noun): Communication; information; disclosure; knowledge. Example:
[The ghost] beckons you to go away with it,impawn (verb): Give security for a loan; pawn; pledge. Example: "Take heed how you impawn our person" (Henry V, 1.2.26).
As if it some impartment did desire
To you alone. (Hamlet, 1.4.64-66)
impeticos (verb): Take; accept; put in a pocket. Example: "I did impeticos thy gratillity [tip, gratuity]" (Twelfth Night, 2.3.13).
imperceiverant (adjective): Having to do with one who does not perceive clearly. Example: "This imperceiverant thing loves him in my despite" (Cymbeline, 4.1.1).
implorator (noun): Person who implores (urges, begs). Example: "They are . . . mere implorators" (Hamlet, 1.3.137).
impone (verb): Bet; stake; wager. Example: "The king, sir, hath wagered with him six Barbary horses; against the which he has imponed . . . French rapiers and poniards [daggers]" (Hamlet, 5.2.120).
imposthume (noun, im PAWST yoom): Fester; sore. Example: "Surfeits, imposthumes, grief, and damn’d despair, / Swear nature’s death for framing thee so fair" (Venus and Adonis, 743-744).
importunacy (noun): Plea; demand. Example: "Your importunacy cease till after dinner" (Timon of Athens, 2.2.56).
imprese (noun, IM preez): Impresa, an emblem with a motto that may appear on a coat-of-arms. Example:
[You] razed out my imprese, leaving me no sign,impressure (noun, IM preez): Impression; mark caused by pressure. Example:
Save men's opinions and my living blood,
To show the world I am a gentleman. (Richard II, 3.1.27)
Lean but upon a rush,incarnadine (adjective: in KAR nuh dine or -din, -deen): Blood-red. Example:
The . . . impressure
Thy palm some moment keeps. (As You Like It, 3.5.25-27)
Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this bloodincensement (noun): Anger, outrage. Example: "His incensement at this moment is so implacable that satisfaction can be none but by pangs of death and sepulchre" (Twelfth Night, 3.4.128).
Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rathe
The multitudinous seas in incarnadine,
Making the green one red. (Macbeth, 2.2.75-77)
inch-meal or inchmeal (noun): Measurement taken gradually, inch by inch. Example: "Make him / By inch-meal a disease" (The Tempest, 2.2.5-6). Meal is here used as a suffix indicating a succession or progression from one point to another. Inch-meal is similar to piecemeal, which means progressing a little at a time.
inclip (verb): Encompass; enclose. Example: "Whate'er the ocean pales [surrounds, encloses], or sky inclips, / Is thine, if thou wilt have it" (Antony and Cleopatra, 2.7.60-61).
incertain (adjective): Example: "Since the affair of men rest still incertain" (Julius Caesar, 5.1.110).
incony (adjective, IN kuh ne): Without learning; artless; uncultured; ignorant. Example: "Most sweet jests. Most incony vulgar wit" (Love's Labour's Lost, 4.1.122).
increase (noun, IN crease): Shakespeare uses this word not only as a synonym for growth, expansion, or addition but also as synonym for offspring, childbearing, and reproduction. Example: "Into her womb convey sterility! / Dry up in her the organs of increase" (King Lear, 1.4.194-195).
indent (verb): Zigzag. Example: "Then shalt thou see the dew-bedabbled wretch / Turn, and return, indenting with the way" (Venus and Adonis, 703-704).
indigest (Adjective and noun): Crude; unformed; a crude or an unformed thing. Example 1: "Make of monsters and things indigest / Such cherubins as your sweet self resemble" (Sonnet 114, lines 5-6). Example 2:
Be of good comfort, prince; for you are bornindign (verb): Unworthy; disgraceful. Example: "All indign and base adversities" (Othello, 3,1,291).
To set a form upon that indigest
Which he hath left so shapeless and so rude. (King John, 5.7.29-31)
indue (verb): (1) Endow, confer; (2) pervade. Example:
For let our finger ache, and it induesindurance (noun): Delay. Example:
Our other healthful members ev’n to that sense
Of pain. (Othello, 3.4.156-158)
I should have ta'en some pains to bring togetherinferreth (verb): Concludes; infers. Example: "[He] inferreth arguments of mighty strength" (Henry VI Part III, 1.3.52).
Yourself and your accusers; and to have heard you,
Without indurance, further. (Henry VIII, 5.1.147-149)
infortunate (adjective): Unfortunate; unlucky. Example: "Henry, though he be infortunate, / Assure yourselves, will never be unkind" (Henry VI Part II, 4.9.22-23).
inhearse (noun): Kill; bury; entomb. Example: "[His verse] did my ripe thoughts in my brain inhearse" (Sonnet 86, line 3).
Inhoop: (verb): Confine to a ring where small animals, such as roosters, fight. Example: "His quails ever / Beat mine, inhoop'd" (Antony and Cleopatra, 2.3.46-47).
injointed (noun): Joined. Example: "[The Turks], steering with due course toward the isle of Rhodes, / Have their injointed them with an after fleet" (Othello, 1.3.41-43).
inkhorn (noun): Ink container made of horn. Example: "Bid him bring his pen and inkhorn" (Much Ado About Nothing, 3.5.30).
inkle (noun): Linen tape used in trimming fabrics. Example: "What's the price of this inkle? (Love's Labour's Lost, 3.1.91).
inscroll (verb): Record; copy down; write on a scroll. Example: "Your answer had not been inscroll'd" (The Merchant of Venice, 2.7.67).
insculped, insculp'd, or insculpted (verb): Engraved. "That [figure is] insculp'd upon [the coin]" (The Merchant of Venice, 2.7.59).
insculpture (noun): Engraving. Example: "On his grave-stone [is] this insculpture" (Timon of Athens, 5.4.81).
insinewed or insinew'd (verb): Armed (literally, instilled with muscle); invigorated; strengthened. Example: "All members of our cause . . . / . . . are insinew'd to this action" (Henry IV Part II, 4.1.179-180).
insisture (noun): Insisting on observing a principle; taking a stand on a position; persistence. Example: "Observe degree, priority and place / Insisture, course, proportion . . . form" (Troilus and Cressida, 1.3.89-90).
insteeped or insteep'd (verb): Soaked; drenched; covered. Example: "In gore he lay insteep'd" (Henry V, 4.6.14).
intelligencer (noun): A go-between. In Henry IV Part II, Prince John speaks of a bishop as being an intelligencer between heaven and earth (4.2.22-24).
intendment (noun): Intention. Example: "And now her sobs do her intendments break" (Venus and Adonis, 222).
intenible (adjective): Incapable of holding or retaining. Example: "In this . . . intenible sieve / I still pour in the waters of my love" (All's Well That Ends Well, 1.3.122-123).
intrinse (adjective, in TRINSE): Drawn tight; intricate; intertwined.
Such smiling rogues as these,inventorially (adverb): By taking an inventory; by making an itemized list. Example: "To divide him inventorially would dozy [put to sleep] th' arithmetic of memory" (Hamlet, 5.2.103).
Like rats, oft bite the holy cords a-twain
Which are too intrinse t' unloose. (King Lear, 2.2.44-46)
irregulous (adjective, eer REG you lihs): Lawless. Example: "[You] / Conspir'd with that irregulous devil, Cloten" (Cymbeline, 4.2.387).
iron crow (noun): Crowbar. Example: "Get me an iron crow [to pry open Juliet's tomb]" (Romeo and Juliet, 5.2.24).
issue (1) (noun): Offspring; children; progeny: Example: "All the unlawful issue [of] their lust" (Antony and Cleopatra, 3.6.9).
issue (2) (verb): Go out; emerge. Example: "They fear us not, but issue forth" (Coriolanus, 1.4.32).
iwis or I wis (adverb, e WIS): Certainly; surely. Example: "Iwis it is not halfway to her heart" (The Taming of the Shrew, 1.1.65).
jacks: (noun): Long, fork-shaped strips of wood in a harpsichord. On the end of each jack is a plectrum, which is a piece of quill or bone. When the harpsichord player strikes a key, the jack rises and the plectrum plucks a string. Example: "I envy those jacks that nimble leap / To kiss the tender inward of thy hand" (Sonnet 128, lines 5-6). In Sonnet 128, jacks is a metaphor for lips that jump at a chance to kiss the dark lady's hand.
jack-a-lent: Stuffed puppet at which people throw objects as part of an entertainment during lent. The term was used figuratively to refer to a common, simple fellow. In The Merry Wives of Windsor, Mrs. Page uses the term when asking a boy whether he is telling the truth: "You little Jack-a-lent, have you been true to us?" (3.3.17).
jade (noun): Old, worn-out horse. Example: "Loud-howling wolves arouse the jades" (Henry VI Part II, 4.1.5).
jakes (noun): Privy; latrine; toilet. Example: "I will tread this . . . villain into mortar and daub the walls of a jakes with him (King Lear, 2.2.38).
jar (noun): Grating or strident sound; harsh sound; discordance. Example: "If he, compact of jars, grow musical / We shall have shortly discord in the spheres" (As You Like It, 2.7.7-8).
jaunce (noun): A hard ride. Example: "Fie, how my bones ache! What a jaunce have I had" (Romeo and Juliet, 2.5.29).
jerkin (noun): Closefitting vest or jacket. Example: "Is not a buff jerkin a most sweet robe of durance?" (Henry IV Part I, 1.2.12).
jester (noun): See Fool.
jet (verb): Strut, prance. Example: "Contemplation makes a rare turkey-cock of him: how he jets under his advanced plumes!" (Twelfth Night, 2.5.16).
jocund (adjective, JOK und, JOE kund): Lighthearted; sprightly; merry. Example" "Night's candles are burnt out, and jocund day / Stands tiptoe on the misty mountaintops" (Romeo and Juliet, 3.5.11-12).
John-a-dreams (noun): Dimwitted fellow who drowses or naps over his work. Hamlet compares himself to a John-a-dreams in the second scene of the second act when he reproaches himself (lines 399-421) for not taking decisive action to avenge the death of his father.
joint-ring (noun): Finger ring with joints. "Marry, I would not do such a thing for a joint-ring" (Othello, 4.3.66).
jordan (noun): Chamber pot, which is a bowl-shaped urinal kept in a bedroom. Example: "Why, they will allow us ne’er a jordan, and then we leak in the chimney" (Henry IV Part I, 2.1.11).
jot (noun): Tiniest portion; smallest bit. Example: "I'll not stay a jot longer" (Twelfth Night, 3.2.3).
jutty (verb): Jut out. Example:
Then lend the eye a terrible aspect;juvenal (noun): Juvenile. Example: "How canst thou pardon sadness and melancholy, my tender juvenile?" (Love's Labour's Lost, 1.2.7).
Let it pry through the portage of the head
Like the brass cannon; let the brow o’erwhelm it
As fearfully as doth a galled rock
O’erhang and jutty his confounded base,
Swill’d with the wild and wasteful ocean. (Henry V, 3.1.11-16)
kam (adjective): Fraudulent; crooked; awry; amiss. Example: "This is clean kam" (Coriolanus, 3.1.380).
kecksy (noun): Hollow stalk of certain plants, such as the hemlock or cows parsnip. Example: "Nothing teems / but . . . rough thistles, kecksies, burs" (Henry V, 22.214.171.124).
keech (noun): Ball of fat prepared by a butcher; fat person. Example:
I wonderkeel (verb): Cool. Example: "Greasy Joan doth keel the pot" (Love's Labour's Lost, 5.2.879). Shakespeare also uses keel in the familiar, nautical sense.
That such a keech can with his very bulk
Take up the rays o' the beneficial sun
And keep it from the earth. (Henry VIII, 1.1.65-68)
Keisar (noun): Another word for Caesar in The Merry Wives of Windsor (1.3.8).
ken (1) (verb): Know. Example: "I ken the wight; he is of good substance" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 1.3.23).
ken (2) (noun): Range of vision; short distance. Example: "Within a ken our army lies" (Henry IV Part II, 4.1.159).
keptst (verb): Archaic form of kept. Example: "Thou keptst a wife" (All's Well That Ends Well, 5.3.346).
kern: Irish foot solder. Example:
The multiplying villanies of naturekersey (noun): Woolen cloth used for overcoats. "I had as lief be a list of an English kersey" (Measure for Measure, 1.2.19).
Do swarm upon him—from the western isles
Of kerns and gallowglasses is supplied. (Macbeth, 1.2.15-17)
kibe (noun): Inflammation of the ears, hands and feet caused by overexposure to damp cold. Example: "If it were a kibe, / ’Twould put me to my slipper" (The Tempest, 2.1.278-279).
kicky-wicky (noun): Mocking term for a wife. Example: "He . . . / . . . hugs his kicky-wicky here at home" (All's Well That Ends Well, 2.3.219-220).
kine (noun): Cows; cattle. Example: "If to be fat be to be hated, then Pharaoh's lean kine are to be loved" (Henry IV Part I, 2.4.178).
kirtle (noun): Woman's skirt or dress. "Example:
There will I make thee a bed of roses,knack (noun): Knack ordinarily refers to an ability or a talent for doing something. In Shakespeare, knack can also refer to a trinket, bauble, or any other object of small value. Example: "[This cap] is a knack, a toy . . . / Away with it! (The Taming of the Shrew, 4.3.75).
With a thousand fragrant posies,
A cap of flowers, and a kirtle
Embroider'd all with leaves of myrtle. ("The Passionate Pilgrim," line 362).
knap (noun): Rap; knock; crack; break; strike hard. Example: "She knapped ’em . . . with a stick" (King Lear, 2.4.115).
knight-errant (noun): Roving knight; knight who travels in search of adventure. Example: "Come, come, you . . . knight-errant" (Henry IV Part II, 5.4.9).
la (interjection): Term used for emphasis or surprise. Example: "I am loath to pawn my plate, so God save me, la!" (Henry IV Part II, 2.1.56).
labras (noun): Lips. Example: "[There is] word of denial in thy labras" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 1.1.80).
Lammas or Lammas-tide (noun): Religious feast and harvest festival in England on August 1. In Romeo and Juliet, Lammas-tide is the day after Juliet's birthday. Example from the play: "She [Juliet] not fourteen. How long is it now / To Lammas-tide?" (1.3.20-21).
lampass (noun): Lampas, a swelling of the mucous membrane on the roof of the mouth of a horse. Example: "His horse . . . troubled with the lampass" (The Taming of the Shrew, 3.2.42).
lakin: (noun): Shortened form of ladykin (a little lady). A person used the term to refer to the Blessed Virgin Mary (Our Lady) in phrases such as "by our lakin" when swearing to the truth of a matter. Example: "By 'r [our] lakin, I can go no further, sir" (The Tempest, 3.3.3.).
lank (verb): Shrink. Example: "Thy cheek / So much as lank'd not" (Antony and Cleopatra, 1.4.78-79).
lanthorn (noun): Lantern. Example:
O, no! a lanthorn, . . .lapwing (noun): Wading bird with a floppy, clumsy flight. Shakespeare uses lapwing as a term of contempt. Example: "The lapwing runs away" (Hamlet, 5.2.133).
For here lies Juliet, and her beauty makes
This vault a feasting presence full of light. (Romeo and Juliet, 5.3.87-89)
lass-lorn (adjective): Without a girlfriend. Example: "The dismissed bachelor [was] lass-lorn" (The Tempest, 4.1.79).
lated (adjective): Belated. Example: "Now spurs the lated traveller apace / To gain the tmely inn" (Macbeth, 3.3.10-11).
latten (noun and adjective): Soft brass. Example, which is used figuratively in a phrase that describes a person whom the speaker believes is soft and weak: "I . . . challenge . . . this latten bilbo [sword made in Bilbao, Spain]" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 1.1.79).
laund (noun): Land; country; open field; glade. Example 1: "Through this laund anon the deer will come" (Henry VI Part III, 3.1.4). Example 2: "Homeward through the dark laund [he] runs apace" (Venus and Adonis, 813).
lazar (noun, LAY zer): (1) Leper; (2) poor and sick person. Example:
And, to relief of lazars and weak age,
Of indigent faint souls past corporal toil,
A hundred almshouses right well supplied. (Henry V, 1.1.17-19)
leathern (adjective): made of leather; resembling leather. Example: "Their discharge did stretch his leathern coat" (As You Like It, 2.1.41)
league 1 (noun): Three miles (4.8 km). Example: "A league from Epidamnum had we sail'd (The Comedy of Errors, 1.1.64).
league 2 (noun): Alliance; peace pact. Example:
That peaceful truce shall be proclaim'd in France,leagued (adjective): Brought together; joined. Example: "His arms thus leagu'd . . . I thought he slept" (Cymbeline, 4.2.274).
We come to be informed by yourselves
What the conditions of that league must be. (Henry VI Part I, 5.4.123-124)
leather-coat or leather coat (noun): Apple with yellow skin and patches of brown or reddish brown. Example: "There's a dish of leather-coats for you" (Henry IV Part II, 5.3.17).
leaves (noun): Pages of a book. Example: "The vacant leaves thy mind's imprint will bear (Sonnet 77, line 3).
lees: Sediment; dregs. Example: "The wine of life is drawn, and the mere lees / Is left this vault to brag of" (Macbeth, 2.3.83-84).
leet (noun): Court in feudal times in which a lord heard complaints about weights and measures. Example 1: "You [say] you would present her at the leet / Because she would present stone jugs and no sealed [officially approved] quarts" (The Taming of the Shrew, Induction, 2.74-75). Example 2: "Some uncleanly apprehensions / Keep leets and law days" (Othello, 3.3.162-163).
legerity (noun, luh JAIR ih te): Agility; quickness; nimbleness. Example:
The organs, though defunct and dead before,leiger (noun, LE jer): Ambassador to a foreign country. Example:
Break up their drowsy grave and newly move
With casted slough and fresh legerity. (Henry V, 4.1.24-26)
Lord Angelo . . .leman (noun, LE muhn): Sweetheart. Example: "I sent thee sixpence for thy leman" (Twelfth Night, 2.3.12).
Intends you for his swift ambassador,
Where you shall be an ever lasting leiger. (Measure for Measure, 3.1.59-61)
l'envoy (noun): L'envoi (lahn VWA), a verse at the end of a literary work that presents a moral; a stanza at the end of a poem that addresses a specific person in commenting on the content of the poem. Example: "I will add the l'envoy. Say the moral again" (Love's Labour's Lost, 3.1.55).
levy (verb): Draft into military service. Example: "Let's levy men" (Henry VI, 4.8.8).
libbard (noun): Leopard. Example: In Love's Labour's Lost, Boyet uses this word in this phrase: "With libbard's head on knee" (5.2.570).
lictor (noun): Ancient Roman official who helped magistrates make arrests and carry out sentences. Example: "Saucy lictors / will catch at us, like strumpets" (Antony and Cleopatra, 5.2.260-261).
lief (adverb): Readily. Example 1: "I had as lief thou didst break his neck as his finger (As You Like It, 1.1.44). Example 2: "I had as lief be a Brownist as a politician" (Twelfth Night, 3.2.14).
liege (noun, LEEJ): Lord; king; sovereign. Example:
Assure you, my good liege,liegeman (noun): Follower; supporter. Example: "He swore the devil his true liegeman" (Henry IV Part I, 2.4.135).
I hold my duty, as I hold my soul,
Both to my God and to my gracious king. (Hamlet 126.96.36.199)
lifeling (noun): Tiny creature. Example: "[By God's] lifelings! Here he is" (Twelfth Night, 5.1.169).
limbeck (noun): Alembic, a device used to distill liquids. Example 1: "[Potions] distilled from limbecks" (Sonnet 119, line 2). Example 2: "What potions have I drunk of siren tears / Distill'd from limbecks foul as hell within" (Sonnet 119, lines 1 and 2).
Limbo (noun): (1) Temporary residence in the afterlife for righteous souls before Christ redeemed them (for residence in heaven) with his crucifixion; (2) permanent residence of unbaptized souls that retained the stain of original sin. Limbo was thought to be a happy place, although its residents did not enjoy the high degree of happiness of the souls in heaven. Example: "O, what a sympathy of woe is this, / As far from help as Limbo is from bliss" (Titus Andronicus, 3.1.153-154).
lime (verb): Catch birds with birdlime, a sticky substance smeared on tree branches. The substance can also be used to catch other small animals. Example: "Madam, myself have lim'd a bush for her" (Henry VI Part II, 1.3.71).
lineal (adjective): In the direct line of descent of a certain ancestor. Example: "The fair Queen Isabel . . . / Was lineal of the Lady Ermengare" (Henry V, 1.2.86-87).
lineament (noun, LIN e uh ment): Distinctive shape of the face; facial outline; any distincetive feature of the face or body. Example: "You have misled a prince, a royal king, / A happy man in blood and lineaments (Richard II, 3.1.10-11).
linstock (noun): Long stick with a forked end that held a match used to light the fuse that fired a cannon. Example: "The nimble gunner / With linstock now the devilish cannon touches" (Henry V, Chorus, 33-34).
list (noun): Cloth border. "I had as lief be a list of an English kersey" (Measure for Measure, 1.2.19).
lists (noun): bounded field in which jousts were held; jousting arena. Example:
Ready are the appellant and defendant,lither (adjective, LY ther): Comparative of lithe, which means to move gracefully and effortlessly. Example: "Two Talbots . . . winged through the lither sky" (Henry VI Part I, 4.7.24).
The armourer and his man, to enter the lists,
So please your highness to behold the fight. (Henry VI Part II, 2.3.51-53)
livery 1 (noun, LIV re): Uniform or costume worn by certain workers, such as servants or footmen. Example: "I will apparel them all in one livery" (Henry VI Part II, 4.2
livery 2 (noun, LIV re): In law, the delivery of property, such as land, to its new owner. Example:
Call in the letters patent that he hathloach (noun): Freshwater fish that attracts parasites. Example: "Your chamber-lie breeds fleas like a loach" (Henry IV Part I, 2.1.11).
By his attorneys-general to sue
His livery. (Richard II, 2.1.209-211)
loaden (verb): Loaded, laden. Example: "There came / A post from Wales loaden with heavy news" (Henry IV Part I, 1.1.38-39).
lob (noun): Lump; dull, heavy thing. Example: "Farewell, thou lob of spirits" (A Midsummer Night's Dream, 2.1.18).
lockram (noun): See malkin
lode-star or lodestar (noun): The North Star, which serves as a point of reference for astronomers, sailors, and so on; figuratively, a guiding principle or moral guide. Example: "Your eyes are lode-stars" (A Midsummer Night's Dream, 1.1.190).
loggats or loggat (noun): Game in which players throw pieces of wood at a stake. Example: "Did these bones cost no more the breeding but to play at loggats with ’em?" (Hamlet, 5.1.38).
loof (verb): Guide a boat toward the wind. Example:
[Her vessel] once being loof'd,lout (verb): Make a fool of. Example: "I am louted by a traitor villain" (Henry VI Part I, 4.3.15).
The noble . . . Antony
Claps on his sea-wing, and, like a doting mallard,
. . . flies after her. (Antony and Cleopatra, 3.10.26-29)
lown (noun and adjective, rhymes with down): (1) Someone who is base and low; scoundrel; worthless person; a nobody. (2) Base, worthless. Example: "He call'd the tailor lown" (Othello, 2.3.61).
lowt: See the previous entry, lout.
lozel (noun, LO zl): Losel, a worthless person, a good-for-nothing. Example: "Lozel, thou are worthy to be hanged" (The Winter's Tale, 2.3.134).
lubber (noun): (1) Jerk; clumsy or stupid man; (2) young or inexperienced sailor. Example: "[Your master] is a notable lubber, as thou reportest him to be" (The Two Gentlemen of Verona, 2.5.28).
luce (noun): Pike, a long-snouted freshwater fish that may attain a length of four feet. Example: "The luce is a fresh fish; the salt fish is an old coat" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 1.1.11).
lune (noun): Bout of madness; strange behavior. Example: "Your husband is in his old lunes again" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 4.2.14).
lustihood (noun): State in which a young man experiences strong desires for pleasures of the flesh. Example: "His May of youth and bloom of lustihood" (Much Ado About Nothing, 5.1.86).
lym: Bloodhound; limehound. Example: "Mastiff, greyhound, mongrel grim, / Hound or spaniel, brach [female hound] or lym" (King Lear, 3.6.50-51).