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 Shakespeare Archaisms
And Other Old or Unfamiliar Words and Phrases That Occur in Shakespeare
I to L

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

ignomy (noun): Ignominy. Example: "I blush to think upon this ignomy" (Titus Andronicus, 4.2.120).
'ild: (verb): Pay, repay; reward; yield ('ild) a reward. Example: "God 'ild you" (Hamlet, 4.5.37).
illume (verb): Light up; illuminate. Example: "Yond same star that's westward from the pole / Had made his course to illume . . . part of heaven (Hamlet, 1.1.48-49).
imbar or imbare (verb): Bar in; confine; take. Example: "Imbar their crooked titles / Usurp'd from you and your progenitors" (Henry V, 1.2.99-100).
imbrue: (noun): Stain with blood; draw blood. Example: "What! shall we have incision? shall we imbrue?" (Henry IV Part II, 2.4.81)
immanity (noun): Inhumanity; savagery. Example:

                   I always thought
It was both impious and unnatural
That such immanity and bloody strife
Should reign among professors of one faith. (Henry VI Part I, 5.1.13-16)
immoment (adjective): Trifling; unimportant. Example:
I some lady trifles have reserved,
Immoment toys, things of such dignity
As we greet modern friends withal. (Antony and Cleopatra, 5.2.199-201)
imp (verb): Graft new feathers onto the wing of a hawk or falcon to enhance its flying capability or to repair damage; figuratively, repair, improve, strengthen, reinforce. Example: "Imp out our drooping country's broken wing" (Richard II, 2.1.298).
impartment (noun): Communication; information; disclosure; knowledge. Example: 
[The ghost] beckons you to go away with it,
As if it some impartment did desire
To you alone. (Hamlet, 1.4.64-66)
impawn (verb): Give security for a loan; pawn; pledge. Example: "Take heed how you impawn our person" (Henry V, 1.2.26).
impeticos (verb): Take; accept; put in a pocket. Example: "I did impeticos thy gratillity [tip, gratuity]" (Twelfth Night, 2.3.13).
imperceiverant (adjective): Having to do with one who does not perceive clearly. Example: "This imperceiverant thing loves him in my despite" (Cymbeline, 4.1.1).
implorator (noun): Person who implores (urges, begs). Example: "They are . . . mere implorators" (Hamlet, 1.3.137).
impone (verb): Bet; stake; wager. Example: "The king, sir, hath wagered with him six Barbary horses; against the which he has imponed . . . French rapiers and poniards [daggers]" (Hamlet, 5.2.120).
imposthume (noun, im PAWST yoom): Fester; sore. Example: "
Surfeits, imposthumes, grief, and damn’d despair, / Swear nature’s death for framing thee so fair" (Venus and Adonis, 743-744).
importunacy (noun): Plea; demand. Example: "Your importunacy cease till after dinner" (Timon of Athens, 2.2.56).
imprese (noun, IM preez): Impresa, an emblem with a motto that may appear on a coat-of-arms. Example:
[You] razed out my imprese, leaving me no sign,
Save men's opinions and my living blood,
To show the world I am a gentleman. (Richard II, 3.1.27)
impressure (noun, IM preez): Impression; mark caused by pressure. Example:
Lean but upon a rush,
The . . . impressure
Thy palm some moment keeps. (As You Like It, 3.5.25-27)
incarnadine (adjective: in KAR nuh dine or -din, -deen): Blood-red. Example:
Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood
Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rathe
The multitudinous seas in incarnadine,
Making the green one red. (Macbeth, 2.2.75-77)
incensement (noun): Anger, outrage. Example: "His incensement at this moment is so implacable that satisfaction can be none but by pangs of death and sepulchre" (Twelfth Night, 3.4.128).
inch-meal or inchmeal (noun): Measurement taken gradually, inch by inch. Example: "Make him / By inch-meal a disease" (The Tempest, 2.2.5-6). Meal is here used as a suffix indicating a succession or progression from one point to another. Inch-meal is similar to piecemeal, which means progressing a little at a time.
inclip (verb): Encompass; enclose. Example: "Whate'er the ocean pales [surrounds, encloses], or sky inclips, / Is thine, if thou wilt have it" (Antony and Cleopatra, 2.7.60-61).
incertain (adjective): Example: "Since the affair of men rest still incertain" (Julius Caesar, 5.1.110).
incony (adjective, IN kuh ne): Without learning; artless; uncultured; ignorant. Example: "Most sweet jests. Most incony vulgar wit" (Love's Labour's Lost, 4.1.122).
increase (noun, IN crease): Shakespeare uses this word not only as a synonym for growth, expansion, or addition but also as synonym for offspring, childbearing, and reproduction. Example: "Into her womb convey sterility! / Dry up in her the organs of increase" (King Lear, 1.4.194-195).

indent (verb): Zigzag. Example: "Then shalt thou see the dew-bedabbled wretch / Turn, and return, indenting with the way" (Venus and Adonis, 703-704).
indigest (Adjective and noun): Crude; unformed; a crude or an unformed thing. Example 1: "Make of monsters and things indigest / Such cherubins as your sweet self resemble" (Sonnet 114, lines 5-6). Example 2:
Be of good comfort, prince; for you are born
To set a form upon that indigest
Which he hath left so shapeless and so rude. (King John, 5.7.29-31)
indign (verb): Unworthy; disgraceful. Example: "All indign and base adversities" (Othello, 3,1,291).
indue (verb): (1) Endow, confer; (2) pervade. Example:

For let our finger ache, and it indues
Our other healthful members ev’n to that sense
Of pain. (Othello, 3.4.156-158)
indurance (noun): Delay. Example:
I should have ta'en some pains to bring together
Yourself and your accusers; and to have heard you,
Without indurance, further. (Henry VIII, 5.1.147-149)
inferreth (verb): Concludes; infers. Example: "[He] inferreth arguments of mighty strength" (Henry VI Part III, 1.3.52).
infortunate (adjective): Unfortunate; unlucky. Example: "Henry, though he be infortunate, / Assure yourselves, will never be unkind" (Henry VI Part II, 4.9.22-23).
inhearse (noun): Kill; bury; entomb. Example: "[His verse] did my ripe thoughts in my brain inhearse" (Sonnet 86, line 3).
Inhoop: (verb): Confine to a ring where small animals, such as roosters, fight. Example: "His quails ever / Beat mine, inhoop'd" (Antony and Cleopatra, 2.3.46-47).

injointed (noun): Joined. Example: "[The Turks], steering with due course toward the isle of Rhodes, / Have their injointed them with an after fleet" (Othello, 1.3.41-43).
inkhorn (noun): Ink container made of horn. Example: "Bid him bring his pen and inkhorn" (Much Ado About Nothing, 3.5.30).
inkle (noun): Linen tape used in trimming fabrics. Example: "What's the price of this inkle? (Love's Labour's Lost, 3.1.91).
inscroll (verb): Record; copy down; write on a scroll. Example: "Your answer had not been inscroll'd" (The Merchant of Venice, 2.7.67).
insculped, insculp'd, or insculpted (verb): Engraved. "That [figure is] insculp'd upon [the coin]" (The Merchant of Venice, 2.7.59).
insculpture (noun): Engraving. Example: "On his grave-stone [is] this insculpture" (Timon of Athens, 5.4.81).
insinewed or insinew'd (verb): Armed (literally, instilled with muscle); invigorated; strengthened. Example: "All members of our cause . . . / . . .  are insinew'd to this action" (Henry IV Part II, 4.1.179-180).
insisture (noun): Insisting on observing a principle; taking a stand on a position; persistence. Example: "Observe degree, priority and place / Insisture, course, proportion . . . form" (Troilus and Cressida, 1.3.89-90).
insteeped or insteep'd (verb): Soaked; drenched; covered. Example: "In gore he lay insteep'd" (Henry V, 4.6.14).
intelligencer (noun): A go-between. In Henry IV Part II, Prince John speaks of a bishop as being an intelligencer between heaven and earth (4.2.22-24).

intendment
(noun): Intention. Example: "And now her sobs do her intendments break" (Venus and Adonis, 222).
intenible (adjective): Incapable of holding or retaining. Example: "In this . . . intenible sieve / I still pour in the waters of my love" (All's Well That Ends Well, 1.3.122-123).
intrinse (adjective, in TRINSE): Drawn tight; intricate; intertwined.
Such smiling rogues as these,
Like rats, oft bite the holy cords a-twain
Which are too intrinse t' unloose. (King Lear, 2.2.44-46)
inventorially (adverb): By taking an inventory; by making an itemized list. Example: "To divide him inventorially would dozy [put to sleep] th' arithmetic of memory" (Hamlet, 5.2.103).
irregulous (adjective, eer REG you lihs): Lawless. Example: "[You] / Conspir'd with that irregulous devil, Cloten" (Cymbeline, 4.2.387).
iron crow (noun): Crowbar. Example: "Get me an iron crow [to pry open Juliet's tomb]" (Romeo and Juliet, 5.2.24).
issue (1) (noun): Offspring; children; progeny: Example: "All the unlawful issue [of] their lust" (Antony and Cleopatra, 3.6.9).
issue (2) (verb): Go out; emerge. Example: "They fear us not, but issue forth" (Coriolanus, 1.4.32).
iwis or I wis (adverb, e WIS): Certainly; surely. Example: "Iwis it is not halfway to her heart" (The Taming of the Shrew, 1.1.65).
jacks: (noun): Long, fork-shaped strips of wood in a harpsichord. On the end of each jack is a plectrum, which is a piece of quill or bone. When the harpsichord player strikes a key, the jack rises and the plectrum plucks a string. Example: "
I envy those jacks that nimble leap / To kiss the tender inward of thy hand" (Sonnet 128, lines 5-6). In Sonnet 128, jacks is a metaphor for lips that jump at a chance to kiss the dark lady's hand.
jack-a-lent: Stuffed puppet at which people throw objects as part of an entertainment during lent. The term was used figuratively to refer to a common, simple fellow. In The Merry Wives of Windsor, Mrs. Page uses the term when asking a boy whether he is telling the truth: "You little Jack-a-lent, have you been true to us?" (3.3.17).
jade (noun): Old, worn-out horse. Example: "Loud-howling wolves arouse the jades" (Henry VI Part II, 4.1.5).
jakes (noun): Privy; latrine; toilet.
Example: "I will tread this . . . villain into mortar and daub the walls of a jakes with him (King Lear, 2.2.38).
jar (noun): Grating or strident sound; harsh sound; discordance. Example: "If he, compact of jars, grow musical / We shall have shortly discord in the spheres" (As You Like It, 2.7.7-8).

jaunce (noun): A hard ride. Example: "Fie, how my bones ache! What a jaunce have I had" (Romeo and Juliet, 2.5.29).
jerkin (noun): Closefitting vest or jacket. Example: "Is not a buff jerkin a most sweet robe of durance?" (Henry IV Part I, 1.2.12).
jester (noun): See Fool.
jet (verb): Strut, prance. Example: "Contemplation makes a rare turkey-cock of him: how he jets under his advanced plumes!" (Twelfth Night, 2.5.16).
jocund (adjective, JOK und, JOE kund): Lighthearted; sprightly; merry. Example" "Night's candles are burnt out, and jocund day / Stands tiptoe on the misty mountaintops" (Romeo and Juliet, 3.5.11-12).
John-a-dreams (noun): Dimwitted fellow who drowses or naps over his work. Hamlet compares himself to a John-a-dreams in the second scene of the second act when he reproaches himself (lines 399-421) for not taking decisive action to avenge the death of his father.
joint-ring (noun): Finger ring with joints. "Marry, I would not do such a thing for a joint-ring" (Othello, 4.3.66).

jordan (noun): Chamber pot, which is a bowl-shaped urinal kept in a bedroom. Example: "Why, they will allow us ne’er a jordan, and then we leak in the chimney" (Henry IV Part I, 2.1.11).
jot (noun): Tiniest portion; smallest bit. Example: "I'll not stay a jot longer" (Twelfth Night, 3.2.3).

jutty (verb): Jut out. Example:
Then lend the eye a terrible aspect;
Let it pry through the portage of the head
Like the brass cannon; let the brow o’erwhelm it
As fearfully as doth a galled rock
O’erhang and jutty his confounded base,
Swill’d with the wild and wasteful ocean. (Henry V, 3.1.11-16)
juvenal (noun): Juvenile. Example: "How canst thou pardon sadness and melancholy, my tender juvenile?" (Love's Labour's Lost, 1.2.7).
kam (adjective): Fraudulent; crooked; awry; amiss. Example: "This is clean kam" (Coriolanus, 3.1.380).
kecksy (noun): Hollow stalk of certain plants, such as the hemlock or cows parsnip. Example: "Nothing teems / but . . . rough thistles, kecksies, burs" (Henry V, 5.2.53.54).

keech (noun): Ball of fat prepared by a butcher; fat person. Example:
                     I wonder
That such a keech can with his very bulk
Take up the rays o' the beneficial sun
And keep it from the earth. (Henry VIII, 1.1.65-68)
keel (verb): Cool. Example: "Greasy Joan doth keel the pot" (Love's Labour's Lost, 5.2.879). Shakespeare also uses keel in the familiar, nautical sense.
Keisar (noun): Another word for Caesar in The Merry Wives of Windsor (1.3.8).

ken (1) (verb): Know. Example: "I ken the wight; he is of good substance" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 1.3.23).
ken
(2) (noun): Range of vision; short distance. Example: "Within a ken our army lies" (Henry IV Part II, 4.1.159).
keptst (verb): Archaic form of kept. Example: "Thou keptst a wife" (All's Well That Ends Well, 5.3.346).
kern: Irish foot solder. Example:
The multiplying villanies of nature    
Do swarm upon him—from the western isles
Of kerns and gallowglasses is supplied
. (Macbeth, 1.2.15-17)
kersey (noun): Woolen cloth used for overcoats. "I had as lief be a list of an English kersey" (Measure for Measure, 1.2.19).
kibe (noun): Inflammation of the ears, hands and feet caused by overexposure to damp cold. Example: "If it were a
kibe, / ’Twould put me to my slipper" (The Tempest, 2.1.278-279).
kicky-wicky (noun): Mocking term for a wife. Example: "He  . . . / . . . hugs his kicky-wicky here at home" (All's Well That Ends Well, 2.3.219-220).
kine (noun): Cows; cattle. Example: "If to be fat be to be hated, then Pharaoh's lean kine are to be loved" (Henry IV Part I, 2.4.178).
kirtle (noun): Woman's skirt or dress. "Example:
There will I make thee a bed of roses,
With a thousand fragrant posies,
A cap of flowers, and a kirtle
Embroider'd all with leaves of myrtle. ("The Passionate Pilgrim," line 362). 
knack (noun): Knack ordinarily refers to an ability or a talent for doing something. In Shakespeare, knack can also refer to a trinket, bauble, or any other object of small value. Example: "[This cap] is a knack, a toy . . . / Away with it! (The Taming of the Shrew, 4.3.75).
knap (noun): Rap; knock; crack; break; strike hard. Example: "She knapped ’em . . . with a stick" (King Lear, 2.4.115).
knight-errant (noun): Roving knight; knight who travels in search of adventure.
Example: "Come, come, you . . . knight-errant" (Henry IV Part II, 5.4.9).
la (interjection): Term used for emphasis or surprise. Example: "I am loath to pawn my plate, so God save me, la!" (Henry IV Part II, 2.1.56).
labras
(noun): Lips. Example: "[There is] word of denial in thy labras" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 1.1.80).

Lammas or Lammas-tide (noun): Religious feast and harvest festival in England on August 1. In Romeo and Juliet, Lammas-tide is the day after Juliet's birthday. Example from the play: "She [Juliet] not fourteen. How long is it now / To Lammas-tide?" (1.3.20-21).
lampass (noun): Lampas, a swelling of the mucous membrane on the roof of the mouth of a horse. Example: "His horse  . . . troubled with the lampass" (The Taming of the Shrew, 3.2.42).
lakin: (noun): Shortened form of ladykin (a little lady). A person used the term to refer to the Blessed Virgin Mary (Our Lady) in phrases such as "by our lakin" when swearing to the truth of a matter. Example: "By 'r [our] lakin, I can go no further, sir" (The Tempest, 3.3.3.).
lank (verb): Shrink. Example: "Thy cheek / So much as lank'd not" (Antony and Cleopatra, 1.4.78-79).
lanthorn (noun): Lantern. Example:

O, no! a lanthorn, . . .
For here lies Juliet, and her beauty makes   
This vault a feasting presence full of light. (Romeo and Juliet, 5.3.87-89) 
lapwing (noun): Wading bird with a floppy, clumsy flight. Shakespeare uses lapwing as a term of contempt. Example: "The lapwing runs away" (Hamlet, 5.2.133).
lass-lorn (adjective): Without a girlfriend. Example: "The dismissed bachelor [was] lass-lorn" (The Tempest, 4.1.79).
lated (adjective): Belated. Example: "Now spurs the lated traveller apace / To gain the tmely inn" (Macbeth, 3.3.10-11).
latten (noun and adjective): Soft brass. Example, which is used figuratively in a phrase that describes a person whom the speaker believes is soft and weak: "I . . . challenge . . . this latten bilbo [sword made in Bilbao, Spain]" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 1.1.79).
laund (noun): Land; country; open field; glade. Example 1: "Through this laund anon the deer will come" (Henry VI Part III, 3.1.4). Example 2:
"Homeward through the dark laund [he] runs apace" (Venus and Adonis, 813).
lazar (noun, LAY zer): (1) Leper; (2) poor and sick person. Example:

And, to relief of lazars and weak age,
Of indigent faint souls past corporal toil,
A hundred almshouses right well supplied. (Henry V, 1.1.17-19)
leathern (adjective): made of leather; resembling leather. Example: "Their discharge did stretch his leathern coat" (As You Like It, 2.1.41)
league 1 (noun): Three miles (4.8 km). Example: "A league from Epidamnum had we sail'd (The Comedy of Errors, 1.1.64).
league
2 (noun): Alliance; peace pact. Example:
That peaceful truce shall be proclaim'd in France,
We come to be informed by yourselves
What the conditions of that league must be. (Henry VI Part I, 5.4.123-124)
leagued (adjective): Brought together; joined. Example: "His arms thus leagu'd . . . I thought he slept" (Cymbeline, 4.2.274).
leather-coat or leather coat (noun): Apple with yellow skin and patches of brown or reddish brown. Example: "There's a dish of leather-coats for you" (Henry IV Part II, 5.3.17).

leaves (noun): Pages of a book. Example: "The vacant leaves thy mind's imprint will bear (Sonnet 77, line 3).
lees: Sediment; dregs. Example: "The wine of life is drawn, and the mere lees / Is left this vault to brag of" (Macbeth, 2.3.83-84).
leet (noun): Court in feudal times in which a lord heard complaints about weights and measures. Example 1: "You [say] you would present her at the leet / Because she would present stone jugs and no sealed [officially approved] quarts" (The Taming of the Shrew, Induction, 2.74-75). Example 2: "Some uncleanly apprehensions / Keep leets and law days" (Othello, 3.3.162-163).
legerity (noun, luh JAIR ih te): Agility; quickness; nimbleness. Example:
The organs, though defunct and dead before,
Break up their drowsy grave and newly move
With casted slough and fresh legerity. (Henry V, 4.1.24-26)
leiger (noun, LE jer): Ambassador to a foreign country. Example:
Lord Angelo . . .
Intends you for his swift ambassador,
Where you shall be an ever lasting leiger. (Measure for Measure, 3.1.59-61)
leman (noun, LE muhn): Sweetheart. Example: "I sent thee sixpence for thy leman" (Twelfth Night, 2.3.12).
l'envoy (noun): L'envoi (lahn VWA), a verse at the end of a literary work that presents a moral; a stanza at the end of a poem that addresses a specific person in commenting on the content of the poem. Example: "I will add the l'envoy. Say the moral again" (Love's Labour's Lost, 3.1.55).
levy (verb): Draft into military service. Example: "Let's levy men" (Henry VI, 4.8.8).
libbard (noun): Leopard. Example: In Love's Labour's Lost, Boyet uses this word in this phrase: "With libbard's head on knee" (5.2.570).
lictor (noun): Ancient Roman official who helped magistrates make arrests and carry out sentences. Example: "Saucy lictors / will catch at us, like strumpets" (Antony and Cleopatra, 5.2.260-261).
lief  (adverb): Readily. Example 1: "I had as lief thou didst break his neck as his finger (As You Like It, 1.1.44). Example 2:
"I had as lief be a Brownist as a politician" (Twelfth Night, 3.2.14).
liege (noun, LEEJ): Lord; king; sovereign. Example:
Assure you, my good liege,
I hold my duty, as I hold my soul,
Both to my God and to my gracious king. (Hamlet 2.2.49.51)
liegeman (noun): Follower; supporter. Example: "He swore the devil his true liegeman" (Henry IV Part I, 2.4.135).
lifeling (noun): Tiny creature. Example: "[By God's] lifelings! Here he is" (Twelfth Night, 5.1.169).
limbeck (noun): Alembic, a device used to distill liquids. Example 1: "[Potions] distilled from limbecks" (Sonnet 119, line 2). Example 2: "What potions have I drunk of siren tears / Distill'd from limbecks foul as hell within" (Sonnet 119, lines 1 and 2).
Limbo (noun): (1) Temporary residence in the afterlife for righteous souls before Christ redeemed them (for residence in heaven) with his crucifixion; (2) permanent residence of unbaptized souls that retained the stain of original sin. Limbo was thought to be a happy place, although its residents did not enjoy the high degree of happiness of the souls in heaven. Example: "O, what a sympathy of woe is this, / As far from help as Limbo is from bliss" (Titus Andronicus, 3.1.153-154).
lime (verb): Catch birds with birdlime, a sticky substance smeared on tree branches. The substance can also be used to catch other small animals. Example: "Madam, myself have lim'd a bush for her" (Henry VI Part II, 1.3.71).
lineal (adjective): In the direct line of descent of a certain ancestor. Example: "The fair Queen Isabel . . . / Was lineal of the Lady Ermengare" (Henry V, 1.2.86-87).
lineament (noun, LIN e uh ment): Distinctive shape of the face; facial outline; any distincetive feature of the face or body. Example: "You have misled a prince, a royal king, / A happy man in blood and lineaments (Richard II, 3.1.10-11).
linstock (noun): Long stick with a forked end that held a match used to light the fuse that fired a cannon. Example: "The nimble gunner / With linstock now the devilish cannon touches" (Henry V, Chorus, 33-34).
list (noun): Cloth border. "I had as lief be a list of an English kersey" (Measure for Measure, 1.2.19).
lists (noun): bounded field in which jousts were held; jousting arena. Example:
Ready are the appellant and defendant,
The armourer and his man, to enter the lists,
So please your highness to behold the fight. (Henry VI Part II, 2.3.51-53)
lither (adjective, LY ther): Comparative of lithe, which means to move gracefully and effortlessly. Example: "Two Talbots . . . winged through the lither sky" (Henry VI Part I, 4.7.24).
livery 1 (noun, LIV re): Uniform or costume worn by certain workers, such as servants or footmen. Example: "I will apparel them all in one livery" (Henry VI Part II, 4.2

livery 2
(noun, LIV re): In law, the delivery of property, such as land, to its new owner. Example:
Call in the letters patent that he hath
By his attorneys-general to sue
His livery. (Richard II, 2.1.209-211)
loach (noun): Freshwater fish that attracts parasites. Example: "Your chamber-lie breeds fleas like a loach" (Henry IV Part I, 2.1.11).
loaden (verb): Loaded, laden. Example: "There came / A post from Wales loaden with heavy news" (Henry IV Part I, 1.1.38-39).
lob (noun): Lump; dull, heavy thing. Example: "Farewell, thou lob of spirits" (A Midsummer Night's Dream, 2.1.18).
lockram (noun): See malkin
lode-star or lodestar (noun): The North Star, which serves as a point of reference for astronomers, sailors, and so on; figuratively, a guiding principle or moral guide. Example: "Your eyes are lode-stars" (A Midsummer Night's Dream, 1.1.190).
loggats or loggat (noun): Game in which players throw pieces of wood at a stake. Example: "Did these bones cost no more the breeding but to play at loggats with ’em?" (Hamlet, 5.1.38).
loof (verb): Guide a boat toward the wind. Example:
[Her vessel] once being loof'd,
The noble . . . Antony
Claps on his sea-wing, and, like a doting mallard,
. . . flies after her. (Antony and Cleopatra, 3.10.26-29)
lout (verb): Make a fool of. Example: "I am louted by a traitor villain" (Henry VI Part I, 4.3.15).
lown (noun and adjective, rhymes with down): (1) Someone who is base and low; scoundrel; worthless person; a nobody. (2) Base, worthless. Example: "He call'd the tailor lown" (Othello, 2.3.61).
lowt: See the previous entry, lout.
lozel (noun, LO zl): Losel, a worthless person, a good-for-nothing. Example: "Lozel, thou are worthy to be hanged" (The Winter's Tale, 2.3.134).

lubber (noun): (1) Jerk; clumsy or stupid man; (2) young or inexperienced sailor. Example: "[Your master] is a notable lubber, as thou reportest him to be" (The Two Gentlemen of Verona, 2.5.28).
luce (noun): Pike, a long-snouted freshwater fish that may attain a length of four feet. Example: "The luce is a fresh fish; the salt fish is an old coat" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 1.1.11).
lune (noun): Bout of madness; strange behavior. Example: "Your husband is in his old lunes again" (The Merry Wives of Windsor, 4.2.14).
lustihood (noun): State in which a young man experiences strong desires for pleasures of the flesh. Example: "His May of youth and bloom of lustihood" (Much Ado About Nothing, 5.1.86).
lym: Bloodhound; limehound.
Example: "Mastiff, greyhound, mongrel grim, / Hound or spaniel, brach [female hound] or lym" (King Lear, 3.6.50-51).
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